Green Synthesis of Nanoparticle and its Role in Sensor Application
Over the last decade, nanoparticles with a speciality in nanoscience and nanotechnology have been under active research and development in various fields such as sensors, catalysis, and medicine. What are nanoparticles? Generally, the nanoparticle is defined as a small particle that ranges between 1 to 100 nanometres in size, present in various shapes, and has its own physicochemical properties. Nanoparticles can be classified into different types according to the size, morphology, physical and chemical properties. Among them are carbon-based nanoparticles, ceramic nanoparticles, metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, semiconductor nanoparticles, polymeric nanoparticles, and lipid-based nanoparticles.